Industrial Applications

Summary: To overcome the drawbacks of synthetic films in food packaging industry, researchers are turned to natural bio-based edible films enriched with various plant additives. In the current study chitosan blend films were produced by incorporating Camelina sativa seed oil at varying concentrations to chitosan matrix. The chitosan blend films were characterized both physicochemically and biologically. The incorporation of C. sativa seed oil notably enhanced thermal stability, antioxidative, anti-quorum sensing and antimicrobial activity. This study provides valuable information for C. sativa seed oil to be used as a blending ingredient in chitosan film technology.Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141813017350602

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Summary: Modified fatty acids (mFA) have diverse uses, e.g., cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA) are feedstocks for producing coatings, lubricants, plastics, and cosmetics. The expression of mFA-producing enzymes in crop and model plants generally results in lower levels of mFA accumulation than in their natural-occurring source plants. To further our understanding of metabolic bottlenecks that limit mFA accumulation, we generated transgenic ...

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Carbodiimide stabilizes the ultrasound-pretreated camelina protein structure with improved water resistance – Xiangwei Zhua, Donghai Wangb, Xiuzhi Susan Sun – Industrial Crops and Products 2016 Summary: Camelina protein showed poor water resistance, which restrained its industrial application, such as for adhesives or coatings. In this research, the effect of ultrasound pretreatment and carbodiimide coupling on water resistance of camelina protein ...

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Summary: The alcoholysis of crambe and camelina oils was carried out with oleyl alcohol, alcohols derived from crambe and camelina oils, and n-octanol using potassium hydroxide as catalyst to prepare alkyl esters. Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11746-000-0060-2

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Summary: Crambe and camelina oil were transesterified with oleyl alcohol, the alcohols derived from crambe and camelina oils, n-octanol or isopropanol using Novozym 435 (immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica), Lipozyme IM (immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei), and papaya (Carica papaya) latex lipase as biocatalysts. Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11746-000-0059-8

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Summary: Fatty acids obtained from seed oils of crambe (Crambe abyssinica) and camelina (Camelina sativa) via alkaline saponification or steam splitting were esterified using lipases as biocatalysts with oleyl alcohol and the alcohols derived from crambe and camelina oils via hydrogenolysis of their methyl esters. Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11262006

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Summary: Biodiesel derived from camelina as well as other feedstocks including palm, mustard, coconut, sunflower, soybean and canola were prepared via the conventional base-catalyzed transesterification with methanol. Fatty acid profiles and the fuel properties of biodiesel from these different vegetable oils were analyzed and tested in accordance with ASTM D6751. Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11746-011-1970-1

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Summary: Updated estimates of camelina cultivation requirements and commercial scale oil recovery and refining were used to calculate life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy demand for both hydrotreated renewable jet fuel (HRJ) and renewable diesel (green diesel, GD). Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ep.10461/abstract

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Summary: In this research, the components in camelina meal were extracted and studied for their composition, structure, and properties. The potential of using the camelina meal to develop thermoplastics was also studied by grafting various vinyl monomers. Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf300695k

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Summary: Oil from the seed of seven Brassicaceae species, Sinapis alba (yellow mustard), Camelina sativa (false flax), Brassica carinata (Ethiopian mustard), B. napus (rapeseed), B. juncea (oriental mustard), B. rapa (field mustard), and S. arvensis (wild mustard), were recovered by cold pressing and filtration without further refining. The physical, chemical, and lubricant properties of the oils were determined. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejlt.201200422/abstract

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Summary: The high percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids of camelina oil (over 50%), which is rich in linolenic acid (37–40%) limits its commercial value and large-scale production. To improve the oil quality and its oxidative stability the methyl esters have been selectively hydrogenated using a non-toxic and non-pyrophoric heterogeneous copper catalyst. Our results showed that both catalysts are able to ...

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Summary: Possibilities for using straight vegetable oil (SVO) from Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (camelina or false flax) and its mixtures with Brassica napus (rape) SVO as fuel in adapted diesel engines are described with chemical parameters, measurements in a test engine and a field test in a tractor. The results principally reveal the usability of a cold pressed, non-refined camelina-rape ...

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Summary: Transesterification of camelina oil using supercritical methanol with hexane as a cosolvent and subcritical methanol along with potassium hydroxide as a cosolvent/catalyst was investigated to study the methyl ester conversion process. Fuel properties of the biodiesel produced are comparable to those of regular diesel and conform to the ASTM standards. Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ef900854h?journalCode=enfuem

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Summary: Process parameter evaluation and catalyst performance study was conducted for biodiesel production using Jatropha curcas, waste cooking, and Camelina sativa oil.  Fuel properties of biodiesel produced from the three different feedstocks were determined and compared with the ASTM standards for biodiesel and petroleum diesel. Link: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie901146c

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Summary: In this study, optimization of the transesterification of Camelina sativa oil using different heterogeneous metal oxide catalysts, i.e., BaO, SrO, MgO, and CaO, was evaluated. The important variables affecting the methyl ester yield during the transesterification reaction are the molar ratio of alcohol/oil, catalyst amount, and reaction temperature. The fuel properties of biodiesel produced were compared to American Society ...

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Summary: With high seed oil content as well as high yield of oil per hectare, camelina can be efficiently processed into high quality renewable fuels such as biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters) as well as renewable diesel and jet fuels using existing technologies. This review summarizes the attributes of camelina along with conversion of the lipid fraction into advanced renewable ...

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Summary: Methyl and ethyl esters were prepared from camelina oil by homogenous base-catalyzed transesterification for evaluation as biodiesel fuels. Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19740653

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Summary: In this study, a techno-economic model was developed to estimate the cost of vegetable oil production and the production plant economic optimum size using canola or camelina as feedstock. A sensitivity analysis found that field cost and meal price have the greatest effect on oil cost; the optimum size of the plant, on the other hand, is most sensitive ...

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Summary: Biotechnology offers a number of solutions to meet the growing need for affordable vegetable oils and vegetable oils with improved fatty acid compositions for food and industrial uses. New insights into oilseed metabolism and its transcriptional control are enabling biotechnological enhancement of oil content and quality. Alternative crop platforms and emerging technologies for metabolic engineering also hold promise for ...

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Summary: Recycled newspaper-reinforced sustainable and biodegradable composite sheets and fibers were fabricated with camelina meal, a by-product of camelina oil extraction-based resin. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pc.22337/abstract

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Summary: A series of new biodegradable polymers based on epoxidized camelina oil was synthesized and investigated. The thermal, mechanical, swelling properties, hydrolysis, biodegradation, and bioresistance of the camelina oil-based polymers with bisphosphonate crosslinks were studied and compared with those of the analogous polymers based on epoxidized linseed oil. The obtained results showed that the properties of the camelina oil-based polymers ...

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Summary: In the present study, response surface methodology was used to optimize processing parameters for bench-scale deodorization of camelina oil. Link: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11746-010-1692-9

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Summary: In this paper lubricating properties of rapeseed and camelina oil esters have been compared. Dependency of the electrical resistance and friction coefficient of the lubrication surface using different types of fuel was analyzed. It was stated that the highest electrical resistance occurs when lubrication is done with diesel fuel, whereas the friction coefficient is the lowest at lubrication with ...

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Summary: Camelina oil was found to have a much lower Oil Stability Index (OSI) and higher p-anisidine rates in the oven storage test than either rapeseed or sunflower oils. Stabilization of camelina oil was evaluated with 21 food grade synthetic and natural antioxidants and antioxidant formulations, using both the OSI  and the oven storage test. Accordingly, camelina oils stabilized with ...

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Summary: The oilseed crop Camelina sativa (camelina) has lower production costs than oilseed rape in some climates. For this reason, the production of biodiesel-grade methyl ester from camelina oil was evaluated. The evaluation included quality assessment of esters produced in laboratory and pilot plant, an examination of methods of improving ester low-temperature properties, and vehicle trials. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669003001493

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Summary: We report the preparation of two hydrocracking catalysts Pd/CoMoO4/silica and Pd/CNTs/CoMoO4/silica (CNTs, carbon nanotubes). The structure, morphologies, composition, and thermal stability of catalysts were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The catalyst activity was measured in a Parr reactor with camelina fatty acid ...

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Summary: The production of polyols from unrefined vegetable oils by the ozonolysis–hydrogenation process is reported for the first time. The resulting polyols and mono-ols were characterized by GC-FID, DSC, GPC, HPLC, and their acid and hydroxyl numbers, viscosity and molecular weight distribution were determined. Results showed that the physical properties of the refined vegetable oils were different from the unrefined ...

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Summary: A description of laboratory evaluations of six alternative (nonpetroleum) jet fuel candidates derived from coal, natural gas, camelina, and animal fat. Three of the fuels were produced via Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis, while the other three were produced via extensive hydroprocessing. In general, this study demonstrates that paraffinic fuels derived from different feedstocks and produced via FT synthesis or hydroprocessing ...

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Summary: Natural oil from non-food oil seeds, such as camelina, jatropha, and pennycress, is increasingly becoming the feedstock of choice for biodiesel production through transesterification to fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and green diesel via catalytic hydrotreating. We carried out fast pyrolysis of the entire value chain of two of the mustard family oil seeds, pennycress and camelina, and found ...

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Summary: A light commercial road vehicle fitted with a heated fuel line and tank was run on cold pressed and filtered Camelina sativa seed oil and unheated mineral diesel fuel. Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669002000985

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Summary: Several photo‐curable hybrid systems based on methacrylate‐modified camelina oil (CO) were synthesized through a copolymerization reaction with hydrophilic dimethacrylated poly(ethylene glycol) macromonomers.  Practical applications: Tailoring the copolymer composition and the reinforcing agent in the manufacturing process leads to a wide range of products with optimum properties suitable for use in a variety of industrial areas. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ejlt.201300370/abstract

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