Camelina as Feed

Summary: The effects of feeding concentrates with alternative ingredients to cereal and soybean meal on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality traits of feedlot lambs were studied. A total of 105 non-castrated male lambs were randomly assigned to one of three treatments (5 replicates per treatment): Control (CON, similar to commercial concentrates), Camelina (CAM, where camelina meal replaced 50% of the crude protein from the soybean meal in the CON concentrate), and Fibrous (FIB, concentrate without cereals and soybean meal, with camelina meal in addition to several by-products, and 20% less energy). The CAM treatment performed as well as...

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Summary: Matthäus and Zubr (2000) have suggested that enzymatic hydrolysis of the glucosinolates in camelina seed may produce only nonvolatile isothiocyanates because of long carbon chains in its residue. In addition to this, camelina does not contain progoitrin, which can be converted into toxic goitrin. Therefore, the adverse effect of glucosinolates in CC may be less than that in rapeseed ...

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Summary: The replacement of sunflower meal by camelina meal didn’t have a significant effect on milk yield or on mil components (protein, fat and lactose). On the other hand, due to its content in residual oil, and although was not protected against ruminal biohydrogenation, camelina meal improved the milk FA profile, by increasing PUFA n-3 and n-6. Of these noticeable ...

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Summary: Two trials were conducted to determine the effect of dietary inclusion of camelina products on digestible nutrient compositions in rainbow trout. The experimental diets consisted of a basal diet and test ingredient with a ratio of 70:30, except for camelina oil where the ratio was 80:20. The study concluded that camelina by-products have the potential to replace fishery by-products ...

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Summary: Few studies have focused on the use of camelina by-products in ruminants. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare chemical composition, dry matter (DMD) and organic matter digestibility (OMD). Five protein sources and two fiber sources were analyzed. Camelina meal showed a greater CP and NDF and lower EE values than camelina expeller (CE). Camelina meal ...

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Summary: A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding Camelina sativa meal to broiler birds on bird performance, carcass characteristics, white and dark meat, and tissue (liver and adipose) total lipids and fatty acid composition. It was concluded that Camelina meal can be included in broiler diets up to 10% without compromising bird performance while increasing the n-3 ...

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Summary: Study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding C. sativa meal to broiler birds on phenolic compounds, tocopherols, flavonoids, antioxidant capacity, and lipid peroxidation in chicken thigh meat during short or long-term storage and cooking. Study showed that Camelina meal could be effective in inhibiting lipid oxidation and enhancing antioxidant capacity. However, the effect was more prominent in ...

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Summary: This study aims to investigate the effect of the replacement of dietary fish oil with oil from Camelina sativa on the immune response of Atlantic cod, as measured by the gene expression in spleen. In conclusion, replacement of up to 80% of fish oil with camelina oil in Atlantic cod diets does not have a strong effect on basal ...

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Summary: In this study growth and lipid composition of Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout and Atlantic cod were compared after feeding a diet containing camelina oil (CO) as a full replacement of fish oil (FO). In terms of both growth performance and utilization of CO towards fatty acid biosynthesis, it appears that dietary CO is more appropriate for salmonids species than ...

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Summary: Milk from Camelina cake-supplemented ewes was characterized by increased levels of beneficial nutritional factors, including mono- and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and was also characterized by lower atherogenic and thrombogenic indices. Taking into consideration all the obtained results and recommended fat concentrations in a daily ruminant ration, we recommend supplementing a dairy ewe’s diet with 30 g kg−1 DM ...

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Summary: Angus × Gelbvieh rotationally crossbred yearling heifers were used in a 2-year randomized complete block design experiment with repeated measures to determine the effect of feeding camelina biodiesel coproducts (meal and crude glycerin) on serum concentrations of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, insulin, β-hydroxybutyrate, and glucose, as well as on growth and reproductive performance. We conclude that camelina co-products can replace conventional ...

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Summary: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ewes’ feeding system (grazing vs. part-time grazing) in combination or not with camelina seed (Camelina sativa L.) as dietary supplement on milk yield parameters, and especially on the fatty acid (FA) profile of milk fat. Feeding a grazing diet combined with camelina seed increased the proportion of C18:1, ...

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Summary: The aim of this trial was to examine to what extent feeding the linolenic acid-rich cruciferous plant camelina can affect the fatty acid composition of dairy products and the properties of butter.  The camelina diets tended to decrease dry matter intake but did not have a significant effect on milk production. They generated a slight decrease in milk protein ...

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Summary: The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensory profile based on the principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis of Euclidean distances as well as evaluate a volatile profile in ewes’ milk. Milk of ewes fed Camelina had a distinct animal, grainy and processed aroma. After pasteurization, the cooked and dairy fat aroma intensified. Addition of Camelina ...

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Summary: The present work was designed to study Camelina sativa (CS)as a new dietary source of omega-3-fatty acids for the production of healthful eggs. The results indicate that the fatty acid composition of hen eggs can be beneficially modified by Camelina saliva seed oil. The functional properties of eggs did not deteriorate. The sensory properties in CS oil eggs were ...

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Summary: The diet for broiler chicken was supplemented with camelina oil and was compared with diets supplemented with soybean oil and rapeseed oil. No differences were observed for growth performance. However, the type of oil impacted the fatty acid profile of muscle tissue and abdominal fat. These results showed the usefulness of camelina oil in producing food enriched with α-linolenic ...

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Summary: Our study evaluated the potential use of Camelina meal (CM) as a feed ingredient in turkey poult starter diets. Results indicate that CM may be a potentially useful minor ingredient in turkey diets if economically feasible, but caution should be exercised in using CM above 5% of finished feed in a poult starter diet. In an appended test, similar ...

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Summary: This experiment was conducted to determine the apparent and standardized ileal digestibility of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA), the digestible, metabolizable and calculated net energy values of screw-pressed camelina cake (SPCC) fed to growing pigs. In conclusion, SPCC has potential as an energy source given its remaining oil content, however, its digestibility coefficients for AA and CP ...

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Summary: The effects of dietary supplementation with camelina oil on porcine plasma fatty acid composition and on serum cholesterol/triglyceride concentrations were investigated and compared with the effects of fish oil. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb05730.x/abstract

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Camelina sativa is an oil seed crop which can be grown on marginal lands. Camelina seed oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and γ-tocopherol but is also high in erucic acid and glucosinolates. Camelina meal is the by-product after the oil has been extracted. Camelina meal was fed to 28 d old weaned pigs at 3.7% and 7.4% until ...

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Summary: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects on the vitamin E content of various body samples and the oxidative stability of backfat, of a short term application of a high vitamin E dose that was given at the end of the finishing period (21 days) to pigs that had been fed with various levels of ...

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Summary: To evaluate the feeding value of false flax expeller (FFE) for pigs, nutrients (crude nutrients, amino acids and fatty acids) were analyzed and their digestibility was determined with 6 growing pigs. Also, a feeding trial followed by slaughter investigations was performed with a total of 60 pigs to study the influence of increasing levels of FFE in diets on ...

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Summary: An experiment was conducted to determine the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in two sources of camelina seeds and to compare the SID of CP and AA in camelina products with the SID of CP and AA in solvent-extracted canola meal fed to pigs. Results from this experiment indicate that the SID ...

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Summary: For aquaculture of marine species to continue to expand, dietary fish oil must be replaced with more sustainable vegetable oil alternatives. Most vegetable oils are rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and few are rich in n-3 PUFA but Camelina oil is unique in that, besides high 18:3n-3 and n-3/n-6 PUFA ratio, it also contains substantial long-chain monoenes, ...

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Summary: Camelina oil replaced 50% and 100% of fish oil in diets for farmed rainbow trout. Camelina is particularly unique due to its high lipid content and high amount of α-linolenic acid. Replacing 100% of fish oil with camelina oil did not negatively affect growth of rainbow trout after a 12-week feeding trial. Final DHA and EPA amounts in a ...

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Summary: Camelina oil (CO) and meal (CM) are potential replacements of fish meal (FM) and oil in aquaculture feeds. This study tested diets with 100% Camelina oil, solvent extracted FM and partially substituted FM with 10% CM, in a 16 week feeding trial with Atlantic salmon. This was the first study to use CO as a complete FO replacement in ...

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Camelina (Camelina sativa) oil was tested as a replacement for fish oil in diets for farmed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Camelina differs from other plant oilseeds previously used in aquaculture with high lipid, α-linolenic acid, antioxidants and low proportions of saturated fats. In sum: Camelina oil can reduce the amount of fish oil needed to meet lipid requirements, although replacing ...

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Summary: Camelina meal has high protein content, a balanced amino acid profile and a quite good ruminal digestibility of protein similar to rapeseed or soybean meal used in animal feed. Low-input Camelina biodiesel by-product could strongly substitute for high-input rapeseed or soybean biodiesel by-product in feed formulations. The characterization of Camelina meal described in this thesis suggests that research trials ...

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Summary: The use of Camelina meal in animal diets may be limited by antinutritive compounds. The content of glucosinolates, phytic acid, sinapine and condensed tannins was evaluated in twelve accessions of Camelina sativa. Camelina showed the presence of three different glucosinolates in the meal, with differences among genotypes regarding the relative abundance of each glucosinolate. Link: http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=24118#.U5sSshZaqlc

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Summary: Extensive new knowledge about agrotechnical aspects and agro-industrial exploitation of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz was acquired between 1995-1998. Seed and oil cakes from ten different localities in Europe and in Scandinavia, were analyzed. Qualitative parameters significant to the biological value of the fodder, such as the content of glucosinolates, sinapine, condensed tannins, inositol phosphates and the content of heavy ...

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Summary:  Five multiparous Finnish Ayrshire cows fed red clover silage-based diets were used in a 5 × 5 Latin square with 21-d experimental periods to evaluate the effects of various plant oils or camelina expeller on animal performance and milk fatty acid composition. In conclusion, moderate amounts of plant oils in diets based on red clover silage had no adverse ...

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Dietary intake of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and possibly the incidence of some cancers, asthma and diabetes among other conditions. This study encompasses a review of the literature on dietary sources of UFA available for animals and their subsequent transfer into milk, meat (beef, lamb, pork, poultry) and eggs. Novel ...

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Summary: Late pregnancy is associated with moderate insulin resistance in ruminants. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of elevation of plasma NEFA concentration by abomasal infusions tallow (TAL) or camelina oil (CAM) on whole-body responses to exogenous glucose and insulin. We further assessed whether CAM, rich in C18:3n-3, enhances whole-body insulin sensitivity compared with TAL. These ...

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Summary: The objectives of the present study were to investigate the nutritive value of camelina seeds (Camelina saliva L. Crantz) in ruminant nutrition and to use molecular spectroscopy as a novel technique to quantify the heat-induced changes in protein molecular structures in relation to protein digestive behavior in the rumen and intestine of dairy cattle. In this study, camelina seeds were used as a model for feed ...

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Summary: Camelina is an oilseed crop used for biofuel production. By-products from oil extrameal has potential for use in ruminant rations as a high-quality protein source. In vivo studies are needed to compare CS with other protein sources used in cattle rations. Implementation of breeding programs for improved meal quality is recommend. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.6408/abstract    

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Summary: Three experiments compared ruminal, physiological, and performance responses of beef steers consuming hay ad libitum and receiving grain-based supplements without (control) or with (CAM) the inclusion of camelina meal. In summary, CAM supplementation to steers impaired forage and total DMI, did not alter thyroid gland function, increased circulating concentrations of PUFA, and lessened the acute-phase protein reaction elicited by ...

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